Leading Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Doctor Reviewing Brain Imaging

Over 2.8 million Americans are diagnosed with traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year. What many people don’t realize is that even a minor bump or blow to the head can cause severe and lasting cognitive damage. In fact, because there are so many causes, symptoms, and side-effects linked to TBI, it’s impossible for two cases to be the same.

In the field of personal injury law, TBI is considered a “catastrophic injury” because the neurological, physical, emotional, and behavioral side-effects may be permanent, and could prevent the victim from holding gainful employment. Fortunately, California courts recognize that TBI victims need to pay for ongoing medical treatments and rehabilitative therapy programs for the rest of their lives, and award compensation accordingly.

What Are the Top Causes of TBI?

Brainline is an award-winning multimedia project committed to providing authoritative information and resources to people struggling with TBI and PTSD. One of their most important services is an online support network that’s available to people with TBI, their family and friends, and professionals who work with TBI survivors. This thriving and compassionate community is moderated by journalists, authors, and Brainline experts – all medical professionals – who contribute to “Ask the Expert,” “Research Updates,” blogs, and “Personal Stories.”

According to statistics compiled by Brainline and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the following TBI causes were reported in 2013:

  • 1,320,411 cases of fall-related TBIs (47%)
  • 430,836 cases of being struck by or against an object (15%)
  • 383,293 cases associated with traffic collisions (14%)
  • 255,112 cases linked to assault and self-harm events (9%)
  • 217,141 cases where emergency room doctors couldn’t pinpoint an exact cause (8%)
  • 190,000 “other” cases resulting from electrocutions, explosions, radiation exposure, animal scratches, etc. (7%)

According to Brainline’s experts, there is a new case of TBI every 9 seconds, adding up to 3.5 million injuries a year. The statistical disparity between “2.8 million” and “3.5 million” is contributed to the fact that many people don’t seek treatment for their head injuries, assuming the bump or headache isn’t serious. Unfortunately, there are lasting consequences associated with an untreated brain injury. For this reason, you need to visit a doctor after sustaining a head injury, especially if you feel confused or lose consciousness after the blow.

Symptoms or Signs of a Brain Injury

The following symptoms and side-effects are indicative of a moderate to severe brain injury:

  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Headaches
  • Spinal fluids leaking from the ears and/or nose
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Agitation and/or aggression
  • Fatigue and drowsiness
  • Dizziness and nausea
  • Response delays
  • Ringing in ears
  • Blurred vision
  • Slurred speech
  • Difficulty sleeping

Seeking Medical Attention for a Subdural Hemorrhage

There are rare circumstances where blood collects on the brain after a severe blow to the head or body. This potentially fatal condition is known as a “subdural hematoma” or “subdural hemorrhage.” It’s a common type of injury associated with motor vehicle collisions and physical assault cases. As the blood pools, it compresses the brain against the skull, and, without proper medical attention, could lead to paralysis and death.

Call 911 immediately if you or a loved one experiences the following “danger signs” after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body:

  • Unequal pupil sizes
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Increased confusion
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness and/or numbness
  • Decreased coordination
  • Drowsiness
  • Fatigue to the point of not waking up
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Repeated vomiting and nausea
  • Unusual behaviors
  • Restlessness

Safeguard Your Path to Life-Saving Compensatory Damages

Contact the award-winning brain injury attorneys at Scarlett Law Group if you or a loved one has sustained TBI due to the actions of a negligent party. During your consultation, we can discuss the accident, your diagnosis, and the various ways your TBI symptoms continue to impact your daily life. By understanding your personal losses and financial needs, we can deftly proceed with the litigation process and pursue damages that achieve your legal objectives.

Call Scarlett Law Group at (415) 688-2176 to speak with an experienced brain injury lawyer.

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