Someone who suffers a concussion may be able to fully recover from the head injury if the appropriate medical care is given. Oftentimes, what happens immediately after the injury or accident is crucial in minimizing the harm. When care is not given, the damage caused by a concussion could potentially degrade into a traumatic brain injury (TBI) that causes lifelong consequences.
Emergency Concussion First-Aid You Should Know
The first thing you should do after someone suffers a head injury is dial 911 if you have any reason to suspect the injury could be severe.
Signs of a serious head or brain injury include:
- Strong cranial or facial bleeding
- Fluid leaking from ears or nose
- Intense, immediate migraine
- Unconsciousness that lasts at least a few seconds
- Bruising or discoloration under eyes or behind ears
- Difficulty breathing
- Confusion, lack of coordination, uneven pupil dilation, and bodily weakness
You should also only try to provide first-aid or emergency care while awaiting licensed emergency medical technicians (EMTs) if you have been trained yourself, or if you have no other choice. Never do anything that could harm yourself or another individual, which includes inadvertently providing “help” that causes more harm.
First-aid for severe head trauma includes:
- Stillness: The injured person should lie down with their head and shoulders slightly elevated. They should not talk or move to avoid aggravating the injury. Do not remove any helmet they may be waring, such as in a bicycle accident.
- Consciousness: The injured person should remain conscious, if possible. Do not shake them, intentionally irritate them, or force their eyelids open to try to keep them awake. Instead, stay immediately with them and ask them to remain awake. If they fall unconscious, do not panic. Watch their signs of breathing closely and be prepared to begin CPR if all signs of circulation stop.
- Wound pressure: Using a sterilized medical gauze or cloth, you can apply pressure to a bleeding wound. However, use extreme caution when applying pressure on a head wound that may be related to a skull fracture, as doing so could worsen the fracture and cause brain damage. When in doubt, do not apply any pressure to a head wound.
Remember: Dial 911 first if you suspect someone has suffered a serious or life-threatening injury.
For Legal Care After Medical Care, Call (415) 688-2176
Scarlett Law Group is passionate about making certain people who suffer a TBI due to the negligence of another are treated well in and out of court. We proudly advocate for the wrongfully injured to fight for every last penny of compensation deserved after an accident. If you or someone you love suffered a serious concussion or head injury in an accident, call us at (415) 688-2176 to see if you can file a claim for compensation against the liable party. Arrange your consultation today.