Signs of a Traumatic Brain Injury and How an Attorney Can Help You

doctors reviewing brain scans

A traumatic brain injury is a catastrophic and devastating condition that can occur to anyone. Many who have suffered through it or have relatives who have suffered from it can testify.


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that TBIs account for 30% of all injury deaths, and that about 2.8 million American citizens are reported to have a TBI each year.

Not only can it affect the physical and psychological aspects of one’s life, but it can also take a toll on a victim’s social and emotional wellbeing. The victim can consequently become unable to connect with other people or even communicate.


While some TBIs heal on their own, the other percentage has the possibility of having lasting complications. It can make matters worse for the victim and their family when the condition is the result of another person’s negligence. It is thus crucial for everyone to protect their legal rights by choosing a personal injury attorney with experience in cases of traumatic brain injuries.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury is damage that occurs to the brain. Damage arises due to a violent blow to the head or the body. The interior surface of the skull is instrumental in protecting the delicate and vulnerable brain. Sometimes the blunt force of an object, fall, or crash penetrates the brain tissue, causing internal damage. Some causes include:

  • Falls

  • Combat injuries

  • Violence

  • Sports injury

  • Vehicle-related collisions

It is essential to recognize the symptoms at an early stage so that the condition can be managed by specialists. Severe cases of TBI affect the brain cells entirely. It may lead to torn tissues, bruising, bleeding, physical damage and even death.

What are the various Types Of TBI?

There are two major types of traumatic brain injury. They include:

• Open head injury
• Closed head injury

1. The Open Head Injury

The open head injury is one of the most severe injuries among the two. It may arise due to various factors. It can be a bullet, high-speed collision, or can sometimes occur due to a blow by a baseball bat. The injury on the head may cause the bleeding of the scalp. The bleeding comes about due to the crack or the penetration that took place where the object hit the skull. Sometimes, shattered pieces of the skull even lodge within the brain.

2. The Closed Brain Injury

The closed brain injury does not necessarily involve any penetration to the skull. However, the fact that it does not penetrate the skull does not mean it is less severe than the open type. Sometimes, the closed head injury can prove to be more complicated and devastating.

The situation can lead to a medical condition called a coup-contra coup. It is a situation where there are two injuries from one single blow. It entails the brain slamming from one side of the skull to the other.

Another closed head injury is a concussion. A concussion occurs when an external force puts a sharp blow to the skull. The string blow can lead to the internal tearing called shearing. The shearing consequently leads to a diffuse axonal injury. The axonal injury affects the nerve cells responsible for transmitting messages.


Other types of brain injuries include:

Focal Contusions

The brain injury arises when the brain slides in the inside of the skull. The sliding can consequently exhibit symptoms such as issues with controlling one's emotions and cognitive impairment.

Skull Fracture

A skull fracture occurs when there is damage to the skull protecting the brain. The damage can be strong enough to affect brain functioning. Some of the symptoms one may experience include sensory function complications. One can also lose the ability to smell or taste.

Brain Hemorrhage

This is the bleeding that happens within the brain cells. It is mainly caused by trauma. One can experience trauma-induced epilepsy or seizures when the bleeding takes place.


Sometimes a brain injury can occur when an individual lacks sufficient oxygen. The situation is shared among the people who have drowned before, had strokes, been in cardiac arrest, and severe injuries that occur due to childbirth.

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI)

It arises when the damage to the brain affects the nerve cells. It may lead to accelerated or decelerated nerve fibers found in the brain. It causes stretching and tearing.

What are the symptoms to watch out for in TBI?

Mild TBI symptoms include:

  1. Cognitive

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Memory and concentration issues

  1. Physical

  • Speech problems

  • Sleeping difficulty or sometimes sleeping too much

  • A headache

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Loss of consciousness sometimes

  • Fatigue and drowsiness

  • Loss of balance

  1. Sensory

  • Issues with sensitivity to light and sound

  • Sensitivity issues including a reduced ability to recognize taste in mouth, ringing in the ears, blurred vision, and diminished ability to smell


Severe TBI symptoms include:

  1. Cognitive

  • Slurred speech

  • Coma or other consciousness disorders

  • Profound confusion

  • Experiences of unusual behaviors such as combativeness and agitation

  1. Physical

  • Lack of coordination in an individual

  • Pupil dilation can occur in one eye or sometimes both of them

  • Repeated vomiting from time to time followed by nausea

  • Seizures and convulsions

  • Persistent and worsening headaches

  • Inability to wake up from your sleep

  • A discharge that is a clear fluid from the ear and the nose

  • Constant numbness in the toes and fingers

How an Experienced Brain Injury Attorney Can Help You

When you notice that you or a family member is experiencing even some of these symptoms after an injury, seek medical help for diagnosis and evaluation. It is equally important now to seek the help of a brain injury attorney. The personal injury lawyer will provide legal assistance in assessing liability and fighting for your rights on your behalf.

Scarlett Law Group is a firm that invests its time and resources into finding justice for victims of TBIs. The firm is rated among the best law firms in America, and thus it is in the best position to serve you. At Scarlett Law Group, we provide individual care to each case and offer you the best brain injury attorney with sufficient experience and expertise in such matters.


Our firm understands that no money is enough to compensate victims and families for their losses. However, we will help make sure that you get the maximum compensation to improve your quality of life.


Contact Scarlett Law Group at (415) 688-2176 for representation.

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