9 Types of Therapy Following Brain Injury
Brain injuries can be particularly severe and debilitating events. We rely on the brain for all of the necessary information our body requires to function on a normal basis. Even the smallest damage to one area of the brain can cause unforeseen changes in the way we speak, think, move, or act. Following a traumatic brain injury (TBI), there are a few forms of therapy doctors can use to treat various conditions after the damage. Here are a few of them.
Cognitive-communication treatment focuses either on the restoration of skills lost after TBI or compensation for deficits. For example, if a TBI caused you to forget how to speak, cognitive-communication treatment would either teach you how to speak again or would help you learn to communicate in other ways. This procedure can also be used to retrain discrete cognitive processing components, such as attention process training, or retraining more integrative abilities and functional skills, such as reading a menu. It can also be done by focusing on smaller skills and working up, or they can start on doing larger projects to strengthen underlying core skills.
Dual Task Training
In order to exercise the brain, this training asks the individual to focus on improving task complexity by carrying out two competing tasks. These tasks usually require the same amount of attention and must be done concurrently. They can involve a combination of two cognitive tasks, a cognitive and a motor task, or two motor tasks.
Compensatory Strategy Training
This kind of treatment focuses on modifying the environment and/ or providing internal and external supports to maximize the skills of the individual with TBI. Internal tools include mnemonics, imagery, and association, while external includes PDAs, memory aids, and calendars.
Drill and Practice Training
Like it sounds, this treatment includes repeating and drilling the information into the brain of the individual. By repetition, the actions will help forge new neural pathways in the brain of the person with TBI.
If damage was sustained to the communication center of the brain, social communication is designed to improve people’s ability to converse naturally and navigate social situations.
This type of training involves the careful and considered elimination of errors while training an individual’s brain. A task is broken down into smaller steps and is modeled before the person can try it themselves. The person monitoring must immediately correct errors and prevent the patient from guessing. This treatment works best for individuals with mostly unimpaired procedural memory (knowing how to do things) and extremely impaired declarative memory (knowing facts and events).
Computer-Assisted Treatment (CAT)
This includes using computers to run consistent, repeated trials targeting specific skills or functional tasks. The computer will adapt to the individual’s performance and ensures the instruction is not too quick for the person to follow. It benefits patients when used as an adjunct to other treatment provided by a clinician.
Metacognitive Skills Training
This type of training focuses on improving awareness of a person’s mental deficit. A person self-monitors and self-regulates in order to better deal with problem situations and identify strategies that will help them be successful in daily goals.
For those with TBI, sensory stimulation is used to systematically expose an individual in a comatose, vegetative, or minimally conscious state to many different stimuli. The goal of the treatment is to improve a person’s level of consciousness by preventing sensory deprivation.
For more information about TBI, or to get a personal injury case started, talk to one of our experienced San Francisco catastrophic injury attorneys today. Scarlett Law Group has been helping people recover compensation for their injuries for more than 25 years. Our founding attorney, Randall H. Scarlett, is a highly rated attorney who has been listed as an AV® Preeminent lawyer by Martindale-Hubbell® and has been honored with repeated inclusion in Super Lawyers®. Our firm has a track record of helping people meet their legal goals and firmly believes in ongoing legal education, which means our attorneys are continually pursuing additional education in personal injury law. To get your case started, contact us at (415) 688-2176 or fill out our online form to schedule a case consultation today.