A recent Michigan study examined factors that promote resilience in the first five years after injury. Researchers administered a number of cognitive, emotional, and personality assessments to sixty-seven individuals who had experienced a TBI. They found that:
- Resilience was not correlated with pre-injury intelligence, TBI severity, or cognitive flexibility.
- Effective coping styles and perceived social support systems were highly correlated with resilience in the post-injury years.
- Positive personality traits were associated with better resilience, but not as strongly as coping style and social support.
This study has important implications for post-injury treatment. In the years following a TBI, providing a patient with positive coping strategies and maintaining strong social support networks can foster resilience and result in healthier long-term emotional outcomes.
Source: Hanks RA, Rapport LJ. Correlates of resilience in the first five years after traumatic brain injury. Rehabilitation Psychology. (February 2016).
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