Verbal Ability and Language Outcome Following Traumatic Brain Injury in Early Childhood

Colorful Brain Graphic

TBI and preschool childrenA study in Australia investigated how traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects the language ability of preschool-aged children.

Researchers studied children between the ages of four and six admitted to Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne; these children sustained mild or moderate/severe TBI before they were three years old. The children took a scale of intelligence test to measure Verbal IQ and two other tests to measure language skills.

Compared to children in a control group that had not sustained TBI, children with mild TBI performed similarly in the intelligence and language skills tests while children with moderate/severe TBI performed poorly.

The results imply caretakers must consider language abilities when assessing how children recover from TBI.

Crowe L M, Anderson V, et al. Verbal Ability and Language Outcome Following Traumatic Brain Injury in Early Childhood. The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. (July 2013).