The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center recently studied how subgroups of service members with traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience various symptoms associated with the injury.
The service members were divided into three groups who experienced TBI ('TBI, severe', 'TBI, mild', and 'TBI, non-current injury') and two control groups. Each group was evaluated against 14 TBI-related symptoms -like PTSD, depressive and anxiety disorders, and migraine headaches - they may have experienced at three or twelve months after diagnosis of injury.
While service members with non-current injury TBI were likelier to be in the Army, in combat operations, and to deploy, all TBI groups exhibited a higher proportion of members experiencing TBI-related symptoms compared to the control groups. The participants of the study most frequently experienced headaches, alcohol and substance abuse, PTSD, and sleep disorders.
Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center. Incident diagnoses of common symptoms (“sequelae”) following traumatic brain injury, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000-2012. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report. (June 2013).