How Survivors of Childhood TBI Transition To Adulthood

A recent longitudinal study has analyzed the outcomes of employment, secondary education, and independent living for survivors of childhood traumatic brain injury when they transition into adulthood. They wanted to address not only how the young adults fared in each category, but also if there were any specific variables that affected outcome. Some of their results were:

  1. Higher socioeconomic status was associated with greater likelihood of enrolling in post-secondary education, slower time to reaching employment (possibly because of being enrolled in college programs or because of the ability of family to care for them), but greater eventual likelihood of employment.
  2. Female pediatric TBI patients were more likely to later enroll in post-secondary education.
  3. Older age at time of injury was associated with a greater likelihood of enrolling in post-secondary education and successfully managing independent living.
  4. There was a surprising discovery that those with more severe injuries were more likely to have been employed early after their injuries, which may be attributable to services available to those individual that are not available to survivors with less severe injuries.

Todis B, Glang An, Bullis M, Ettel D, & Hood D. Longitudinal investigation of the post-high school transition experiences of adolescents with traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. (July 2010).