Brain Injury Lawyers in San Francisco, CA
Non-Traumatic Causes of Brain Injury
In addition to traumatic brain injuries, Scarlett Law Group also represents
clients who have sustained brain injuries through non-traumatic causes.
In fact, our firm won one of the largest medical malpractice awards in
the state of California on behalf of an eight-month-old who was rendered
catastrophically brain injured and quadriplegic due to her doctor’s
negligence. The case of Wright v. St Rose Hospital, et al. returned a
verdict of $26,053,000.00.
If you or someone you know has suffered a serious non-traumatic brain injury
due to any of the causes below, we encourage you to
contact our firm to discuss your legal options.
Brain injury can result from any of the following causes:
Meningitis: Both bacterial and viral meningitis cause an inflammation of the meninges
which cover the brain. Usually, cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) is contaminated
or “seeded” through an infectious process. Given that CSF
bathes the brain and the meninges, increased intracranial pressure results
from the inflammation. Inflammation can also occur as a result of toxic
exposure, such as where myelogram dye is injected into the CSF.
Hydrocephalus: Hydrocephalus generally refers to an accumulation of liquid on the brain.
It can occur in cases of meningitis where the patient’s system for
circulating CSF is impaired. The blockage can also occur from a number
of other events including bleeding, swelling, tumor or congenital deformation.
Increased intracranial pressure results from the blocked fluid.
Encephalitis: An inflammation of brain substances called encephalitis. Generally, the
cause of the inflammation is an infectious process, but it can also be
caused by allergy.
Subdural hematoma: Subdural hematoma refers to blood clots or bleeding that develops between
the brain and the dura matter that covers the brain. The bleeds themselves
usually result from a tear of the bridging veins as opposed to the tearing
Epidural hematoma: These hematomas are formed when the brain’s outer covering, or dura
matter, is stripped away from the skull by blood from lacerated blood
vessels. These “bleeds” generally occur within minutes after
the injury although some may develop in the first day and even enlarge
over time. When these bleeds are posterior and near the brain stem, they
are particularly dangerous as the patient may be conscious until the end
stage of development.
Aneurysm: An aneurysm, in which a blood vessel wall balloons outward, is caused
by either congenital anomaly (in most instances) or trauma. Most aneurysms
are extremely dangerous, as the individual shows no symptoms until the
aneurysm ruptures. The size of the aneurysm can vary from very small to
very large. Large aneurysms may exert pressure on surrounding areas of
Encephalopathy: Where brain dysfunction results from a non-infectious pathology, encephalopathy
is said to occur. For example, where dementia follows an acute trauma
to the brain, a patient can be diagnosed with static encephalopathy. Encephalopathy
can likewise result from toxic exposure.
Stroke: Stroke refers to the process where due to blood vessel occlusion or blockage,
oxygenation to the brain is compromised. The area of the brain which the
blood supply feeds dies or otherwise becomes compromised. Most strokes
do not involve bleeding although some are hemorrhagic.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage: A subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs where bleeding enters into the area between
the arachnoid membrane and the dura matter. The arachnoid membrane is
a fine web-like layer surrounding the brain. These hemorrhages can result
from trauma or from ruptured blood vessels. Seizures in victims are common
as subarachnoid hemorrhages release blood products into the CSF.
Ischmia: Ischemia refers to decreased blood supply. Cerebral ischmia is extremely
dangerous and in many cases involving severe brain damage, is a secondary
damage resulting in death. Secondary ischemic insults to the brain worsen
Call Now for Uncompromising Personal Injury Representation
If you or someone you know has suffered a brain injury, Scarlett Law Group
stands ready to assist you in your time of need. Contact our firm today
to speak with a San Francisco brain injury attorney. Initial
consultations are provided free of charge.
Get started by calling (415) 688-2176.