Brain Injury Lawyers in San Francisco, CA

Non-Traumatic Causes of Brain Injury

In addition to traumatic brain injuries, Scarlett Law Group also represents clients who have sustained brain injuries through non-traumatic causes. In fact, our firm won one of the largest medical malpractice awards in the state of California on behalf of an eight-month-old who was rendered catastrophically brain injured and quadriplegic due to her doctor’s negligence. The case of Wright v. St Rose Hospital, et al. returned a verdict of $26,053,000.00.

If you or someone you know has suffered a serious non-traumatic brain injury due to any of the causes below, we encourage you to contact our firm to discuss your legal options.

Brain injury can result from any of the following causes:

  • Meningitis: Both bacterial and viral meningitis cause an inflammation of the meninges which cover the brain. Usually, cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) is contaminated or “seeded” through an infectious process. Given that CSF bathes the brain and the meninges, increased intracranial pressure results from the inflammation. Inflammation can also occur as a result of toxic exposure, such as where myelogram dye is injected into the CSF.
  • Hydrocephalus: Hydrocephalus generally refers to an accumulation of liquid on the brain. It can occur in cases of meningitis where the patient’s system for circulating CSF is impaired. The blockage can also occur from a number of other events including bleeding, swelling, tumor or congenital deformation. Increased intracranial pressure results from the blocked fluid.
  • Encephalitis: An inflammation of brain substances called encephalitis. Generally, the cause of the inflammation is an infectious process, but it can also be caused by allergy.
  • Subdural hematoma: Subdural hematoma refers to blood clots or bleeding that develops between the brain and the dura matter that covers the brain. The bleeds themselves usually result from a tear of the bridging veins as opposed to the tearing of arteries.
  • Epidural hematoma: These hematomas are formed when the brain’s outer covering, or dura matter, is stripped away from the skull by blood from lacerated blood vessels. These “bleeds” generally occur within minutes after the injury although some may develop in the first day and even enlarge over time. When these bleeds are posterior and near the brain stem, they are particularly dangerous as the patient may be conscious until the end stage of development.
  • Aneurysm: An aneurysm, in which a blood vessel wall balloons outward, is caused by either congenital anomaly (in most instances) or trauma. Most aneurysms are extremely dangerous, as the individual shows no symptoms until the aneurysm ruptures. The size of the aneurysm can vary from very small to very large. Large aneurysms may exert pressure on surrounding areas of the brain.
  • Encephalopathy: Where brain dysfunction results from a non-infectious pathology, encephalopathy is said to occur. For example, where dementia follows an acute trauma to the brain, a patient can be diagnosed with static encephalopathy. Encephalopathy can likewise result from toxic exposure.
  • Stroke: Stroke refers to the process where due to blood vessel occlusion or blockage, oxygenation to the brain is compromised. The area of the brain which the blood supply feeds dies or otherwise becomes compromised. Most strokes do not involve bleeding although some are hemorrhagic.
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage: A subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs where bleeding enters into the area between the arachnoid membrane and the dura matter. The arachnoid membrane is a fine web-like layer surrounding the brain. These hemorrhages can result from trauma or from ruptured blood vessels. Seizures in victims are common as subarachnoid hemorrhages release blood products into the CSF.
  • Ischmia: Ischemia refers to decreased blood supply. Cerebral ischmia is extremely dangerous and in many cases involving severe brain damage, is a secondary damage resulting in death. Secondary ischemic insults to the brain worsen the outcome.

Call Now for Uncompromising Personal Injury Representation

If you or someone you know has suffered a brain injury, Scarlett Law Group stands ready to assist you in your time of need. Contact our firm today to speak with a San Francisco brain injury attorney. Initial consultations are provided free of charge.

Get started by calling (415) 688-2176.

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