Any chronic condition or injury places a person at greater odds of being
hospitalized several times, and people who experience a traumatic brain
injury (who frequently suffer from the chronic effects of the injury)
are no exception. People who are older are at higher risk of sustaining
multiple TBIs (often from falls), which can result in multiple hospital
visits. TBIs can also make a person susceptible to dizziness or vision
problems, which can increase the risk of falls and another hospital visit.
A recent Canadian study found that more than one-third of people who were
admitted to the hospital for a
were subsequently re-admitted within the next three years. The risk factors
for multiple hospital admissions included older age, injury from a fall,
more severe TBI at first admission, living in a rural area, co-existing
medical issues, and co-existing psychiatric issues.
These results show that people with greater access to care (i.e., people
who live in urban areas) are less likely to be re-hospitalized. Additionally,
people who are at high-risk, such as those who are older or have multiple
health issues, should have greater healthcare support in the years after
the initial TBI.
Source: Saverino C, Swaine B, Jagal S, et al. Re-hospitalization after
traumatic brain injury: A population-based study. Archives of Physical
Medicine and Rehabilitation (February 2016).