Correlates of Resilience in the First Five Years after Traumatic Brain Injury

Correlates of Resilience in the First Five Years after Traumatic Brain Injury

Posted By The Scarlett Law Group || 4-Aug-2016

While physical and cognitive deficits are widely recognized as consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI), some may be unaware of the emotional impact of a TBI in the post-injury period. The ongoing challenges after a TBI can cause a person to plummet into depression, or it can move a person to stand and fight for recovery. Emotional resilience – the personal traits that allow a person to flourish during a period of adversity – can be a significant predictor of patients’ long-term well-being after experiencing a TBI.

A recent Michigan study examined factors that promote resilience in the first five years after injury. Researchers administered a number of cognitive, emotional, and personality assessments to sixty-seven individuals who had experienced a TBI. They found that:
  • Resilience was not correlated with pre-injury intelligence, TBI severity, or cognitive flexibility.
  • Effective coping styles and perceived social support systems were highly correlated with resilience in the post-injury years.
  • Positive personality traits were associated with better resilience, but not as strongly as coping style and social support.

This study has important implications for post-injury treatment. In the years following a TBI, providing a patient with positive coping strategies and maintaining strong social support networks can foster resilience and result in healthier long-term emotional outcomes.

Source: Hanks RA, Rapport LJ. Correlates of resilience in the first five years after traumatic brain injury. Rehabilitation Psychology. (February 2016).

To schedule a free case evaluation with an experienced San Francisco brain injury attorney, please contact Scarlett Law Group.

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