Blog Posts in February, 2015

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  • Doctors Lack Tools to Assess Self-Awareness After TBI

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 27-Feb-2015

    Doctors and rehabilitation professionals understand that a person's ability to be accurately aware of his abilities and challenges is frequently impaired after a moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury. It is also well understood that impaired self-awareness can become a barrier to rehabilitation and recovery. Despite this understanding, however, clinicians still find it challenging to diagnose ...
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  • Self-awareness May Be Impaired For Years After TBI

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 26-Feb-2015

    Having accurate insight and self-awareness of one's own abilities and challenges is important for recovery, daily functioning, and return to work or school after a traumatic brain injury. Impaired self-awareness is frequently associated with a self-reported high quality of life, satisfaction and mood. When comparing the traumatic brain injury survivor's self-ratings to their significant other's, ...
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  • New Tool for Better Assessment of Executive Functioning

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 25-Feb-2015

    One of the more common effects of a traumatic brain injury is a deficit in executive functioning, which includes skills such as maintaining attention, goal planning, or problem solving. Having poor executive functioning can become a major challenge in daily life. However, the clinical assessment of executive function often does not uncover the complex problems that can occur in real-world ...
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  • Predicting Outcome After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 24-Feb-2015

    Assessing the outcome of a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can be a controversial subject, with the assessment of symptoms being mostly reliant on the patient's self-report. Past research has identified several contributing factors to outcome after mTBI, including prior psychiatric or psychological history, prior concussion, or the extent of social support. Some people who ...
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  • Social Work Intervention May Help Recovery After mTBI

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 23-Feb-2015

    People who suffer a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) sometimes experience long-term symptoms and complications, but do frequently do not have access to appropriate care and follow-up. The SWIFT (Social Work Intervention for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury) is a pilot study to test the effectiveness of an intervention of education at the emergency department, follow-up and referrals to people who ...
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  • Weakness and Difficulty Walking After Mild TBI

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 20-Feb-2015

    The corticoreticular pathway (CRP) is known to be critical for posture and the ability to walk. Only until recently has the CRP been physically identified. Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), researchers mapped the CRP from the premotor cortex, through the midbrain, to the corticospinal tract. Injury to the CRP can cause weakness in the proximal muscles, and a difficulty with walking and ...
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  • Blood glucose levels associated with increased bleeding after TBI.

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 19-Feb-2015

    Coagulopathy is a disorder in which blood is unable to clot properly, resulting in increased bleeding. Coagulopathy after a moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a relatively common occurrence, and can negatively impact recovery. Recently, researchers proposed that high levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) may be related to an increased risk of coagulopathy. Hyperglycemia is ...
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  • Long-Term Problems After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 18-Feb-2015

    The "mild" in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can be a misnomer. Many people will experience only a short period of problems such as confusion, headache, dizziness, or fatigue and then go on to have a complete recovery. But some people with an mTBI will endure much more long-term problems. In these cases, the term "mild" may detract from the seriousness of these long-term effects, leaving these ...
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  • ADHD Increases Athletes Risk of Concussion

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 13-Feb-2015

    Concussion, sometimes called mild traumatic brain injury, can result in problems with memory and attention. Repeated concussion increases the risk that memory and attention problems will become chronic. Those at risk of sustaining repeated concussion, such as athletes, are therefore at greater risk of developing long-term memory and attention problems. However, the association between concussion ...
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  • Visual Tests Better at Detecting Concussion Than Traditional Tests

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 12-Feb-2015

    Involvement in certain sports, such as football, soccer, or hockey, comes with a significant risk of repeat concussion. Athletes who have suffered a previous concussion are more likely to suffer another in the future, with each concussion increasing the brain's vulnerability to further injury and decreasing its ability to recover. It is therefore important to take previous concussion under ...
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  • Verbal Fluency After Traumatic Brain Injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 11-Feb-2015

    The verbal fluency test is a timed assessment that measures the ability to remember as many words as possible for a selected category. Categories are typically either semantic or phonemic. Semantic verbal fluency requires remembering as many words as possible that belong to a specific group or meaning, such as animals or sports teams. Phonemic verbal fluency requires remembers as many words as ...
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  • Agomelatine Treats Sleep-Wake Cycle Disorder

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 10-Feb-2015

    Sleep problems are one of the more common effects of a brain injury. However, there are different types of sleep problems, and a diagnosis needs to be accurate for the prescribed treatment to be effective. A recent case study was conducted of a man who had suffered a severe brain injury. He was experiencing cognitive impairments, aggressive behavior, and sleep problems. His sleep problems were not ...
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  • Diagnosing mTBI With Eye Movement

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 9-Feb-2015

    Assessing eye movement is a common test done by neurologists to identify various potential problems in the brain. However, eye movement is not typically used to diagnose mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), even though past research has shown that mTBI can result in abnormal eye movement. A recent study showed that an automated eye-tracking tool used to measure changes in eye movement can not only ...
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  • Metals can translocate to the brain after brain injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 6-Feb-2015

    The signature wound of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan is traumatic brain injury, which often involves injury from blast explosives. When a person is exposed to blast, he may not only endure a brain injury, but there is also a good chance that the body may also be injured from penetrating metal objects. Metal that enters one part of the body can translocate over time to another part of the ...
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  • Omega-3 deficiency may influence psychiatric illness after TBI

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 4-Feb-2015

    Psychiatric illnesses such as anxiety and depression are common after a traumatic brain injury, however it is not well understood why some people develop post-traumatic psychiatric illness and others do not. A recent animal study found that a deficiency in omega-3 fatty acid during early life may predispose the brain to psychiatric illness by changing the way the brain maintains homeostasis (a ...
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  • Differences in brain injury caused by blast fragmentation versus gunshot wound.

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 3-Feb-2015

    Penetrating intracranial injuries are a type on injury in which a foreign object penetrates the brain. In the military, penetrating intracranial injury typically occurs from physical fragments of a blast or from a gunshot wound. However, there are differences between these two common types of military-related injury. For instance, blast fragmentation occurs at a much lower velocity (speed) than ...
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  • Flavonoid helps rebuild white matter after infant brain injury.

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 2-Feb-2015

    Cerebral hypoxia-ischemia is a common cause of infant brain injury, in which the brain is deprived of blood and oxygen during birth. This lack of blood and oxygen is especially damaging to the white matter connections in the brain. A loss of brain connections resulting from damaged white matter can cause cognitive impairment, and infants who survive cerebral hypoxia-ischemia will frequently show ...
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