A recent study investigated the effect of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on the outcomes of children who suffer mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).
Researchers reviewed the charts of children admitted to Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh between 2003 and 2010, with the condition that these children were diagnosed with mild closed head injury (CHI) and ADHD. Controlling demographics and other variables, researchers compared outcomes of these children to outcomes of children admitted to the hospital and diagnosed with CHI only.
From this study, researchers recommended that ADHD children not participate in activities that may lead to TBI; children with ADHD who suffer TBI undergo adjusted clinical management like improved monitoring and increased treatment and rehabilitation; and families of ADHD children be made aware of expected outcomes of TBI by their children's' physicians.
Bonfield C M, Lam S, et al. The impact of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on recovery from mild traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics. (July 2013).