A person who experiences mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may suffer complications that are long-term or permanent, as well as short-term and temporary.
A review of research literature revealed that long-term mTBI-related disability depends on the severity and differing degrees of tissue damage, and the psychological, situational, and motivational considerations that affect individuals in different and complex ways. Treatment professionals may be able to reduce the likelihood of long-term effects by diagnosing mTBI as early as possible, and by treating the injury in multiple ways rather than a single approach. Effective diagnostic tools and treatments may include diffusion tensor MRI and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, both of which may help patients manage the effects of the injury.
Bunnage M. Suggestions for improving outcomes in the NHS following "mild" traumatic brain injury in adults, a bio-psycho-social approach. Social Care and Neurodisability. (May 2013).