The CDC attributes approximately 500,000 annual emergency department visits to children being tested for traumatic brain injury (TBI); studies in New Zealand estimate that young people aged from birth to 25 years suffer TBI at a rate of 1.1 to 2.6 percent.
Improvements in the treatment and diagnosis of pediatric TBI include quality of care indicators that qualify rehabilitation measures for child victims of TBI, analyzing biomarkers and imaging results to predict the outcomes of brain injury, and applying technologies to innovate rehabilitation techniques.
Quality of care indicators suggest that rehabilitation units specializing in pediatric care meet these care benchmarks more often than non-pediatric-specific rehabilitation units.
Krach L E, Aldahondo N, et al. Current concepts in the rehabilitation of pediatric traumatic brain injury. Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports. (June 2013).