November

Blog Posts in November, 2013

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  • Increased Risk of Pneumonia Among Ventilated Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury: Every Day Counts!

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 22-Nov-2013

    Researchers at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine recently investigated the relationship between patients with TBI who are on mechanical ventilators (MV) and the patients' susceptibility to pneumonia. The study focused on over 24,000 patients 18 years of age and older who received head abbreviated injury scale (AIS) scores coded 1-6; these patients received MV. Researchers controlled for a number of ...
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  • Cavum Septum Pellucidum in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 21-Nov-2013

    A recent study investigated how the presence, size, and shape of the (CSP), a fluid-filled cavity in the brain, correlates to the diagnoses and severity of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in youths. The study subjected 98 children with TBI and 34 children in a control group to neuroimaging by MRI; the imaging confirmed the presence of the CSP, assessed the quantitiative values of length and volume of ...
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  • How Inhibition Relates to Impulsivity after Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 21-Nov-2013

    A recent study examined impulsivity and poor inhibition in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Researchers observed patients with moderate to severe TBI and a non-TBI control group first subjected to two tests: a stop-signal task that tested the patients' ability to inhibit dominant or automatic motor responses and a negative task that measured how difficult it was for the patient to ...
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  • Enhancement of Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis by a Neurotrophic Peptide in Traumatic Brain Injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 18-Nov-2013

    A recent study tests the ability of a recently-discovered peptide to promote neurogenesis and neuronal plasticity in the hippocampuses in subjects who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). Trauma to the hippocampus due to TBI can cause long-term cognitive deficits. In previous studies, the peptide in question - Peptide 6 - corresponded to an active region of human neutrophic factor that ...
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  • Heterogeneity of Brain Lesions in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 15-Nov-2013

    A recent paper reported the findings of a multicenter study that evaluated neuroimaging indicators of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children. The Social Outcomes of Brain Injury in Kids (SOBIK) study compared the MRI scans of 72 children with mild-to-severe TBI to the scans of 52 children with orthopedic injury. The researchers evaluated qualitative metrics from the MRI scans like white matter ...
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  • Incidence of Diagnoses of Common Symptoms Following Traumatic Brain Injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 13-Nov-2013

    The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center recently studied how subgroups of service members with traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience various symptoms associated with the injury. The service members were divided into three groups who experienced TBI ('TBI, severe', 'TBI, mild', and 'TBI, non-current injury') and two control groups. Each group was evaluated against 14 TBI-related symptoms ...
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  • Rehabilitation Following Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: Variability in Adherence to Psychosocial Quality-of-Care Indicators

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 8-Nov-2013

    A recent joint study focused on how processes of pediatric inpatient rehabilitation care vary in rehabilitation facilities in the United States. Researchers analyzed the treatment given to 174 children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) by quantifying how the care facilities adhered to three quality-of-care indicators: family-centered processes, neurobehavioral and psychosocial processes, and ...
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  • Accelerated Death Rate in Population-Based Cohort of Persons With Traumatic Brain Injury

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 7-Nov-2013

    Researchers in South Carolina conducted a study to determine how preexisting health conditions and socioeconomic status affect the death rate of persons discharged from hospitals after being admitted for traumatic brain injury (TBI). The study included the outcomes of over 33,000 discharged patients to determine a probability of death based on the survival time in days after injury and on the ...
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  • Effect of Fish Oil Supplementation in a Rat Model of Multiple Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 5-Nov-2013

    A recent study investigated the ability of an omega-3 fatty acid-rich diet in reducing cognitive deficits and the death of brain cells in cases of repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). Scientists subjected two groups of rats to repetitive bilateral fluid percussion TBI, feeding one group of rats food enriched with 6 percent fish oil before and after TBI was administered. After TBI and ...
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  • Verbal Ability and Language Outcome Following Traumatic Brain Injury in Early Childhood

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 5-Nov-2013

    A study in Australia investigated how traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects the language ability of preschool-aged children. Researchers studied children between the ages of four and six admitted to Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne; these children sustained mild or moderate/severe TBI before they were three years old. The children took a scale of intelligence test to measure Verbal IQ and two ...
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  • White Matter Integrity in Veterans With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Associations With Executive Function and Loss of Consciousness

    Posted By Scarlett Law Group || 1-Nov-2013

    Researchers recently studied the link between white matter and executive function (EF) following the onset of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Diffusion Tension Imaging (DTI) was used to visualize and compare white matter integrity in a test group of 30 Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans diagnosed with mTBI against a control group of veterans not diagnosed with mTBI. DTI revealed that veterans ...
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